These are some newspaper articles or abstracts of articles that I found about my great great grandfather, James D Hamilton of Wilmore, Pennsylvania. I haven’t included images of all of them, but the links will take you to the image of the original page.

All the newspaper items come from the Ebensburg Democrat and Sentinel. The years from 1853 to 1866 are online at the Chronicling America of the US Library of Congress site.

March 15, 1853: Craig and Hamilton announce the start of a ‘commission and forwarding’ service based in Jefferson, later called Wilmore. I think this was freight handling. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 21, 1853, issue, page 2, column 5.

September 2, 1853: James D Hamilton announces a double line of Hacks to begin running from Jefferson (Wilmore) to Ebensburg. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), September 2, 1853, page 3, column 6.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), September 2, 1853, page 3, column 6


September 16, 1853: James D Hamilton is found not guilty of keeping a gambling house. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), September 16, 1853, page 3, column 1.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), September 16, 1853, page 3, column 1


October 21, 1853: Mr Hamilton announces a reduced fare in his hacks between Jefferson and Ebensburg, due to the completion of the Plank Road. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 21, 1853, page 3, column 1.

November 25, 1853: Major John Thompson and John Brawley announce the start of a competing hack line between Ebensburg and Jefferson charging the same fare as J D Hamilton. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), November 25, 1853, page 3, column 1.

December 9, 1853: This issue carried a brief article saying that the hack lines of both Mr Hamilton and Major Thompson were busy due to the current court season in Ebensburg. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), December 9, 1853, page 3, column 1.

February 24, 1854: J D Hamilton has been elected an overseer of the poor. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), February 24, 1854, page 2, column 4.

April 6, 1854: James D Hamilton hosted the Officers of Companies comprising the Cambria Volunteer Brigade on March 25, at his home in Jefferson. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), April 6, 1854, page 2, column 3.

April 20, 1854: James D Hamilton announces that he has leased the Jefferson House in Jefferson (Wilmore), and will run stages to and from there and the Pennsylvania Railroad Station. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), June 29, 1854, page 3, column 6.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), June 29, 1854, page 3, column 6


May 25, 1854: News report of a train collision on the Portage Railroad on May 23. The Quitman Guards and the Montgomery Guards, of the Pennsylvania Militia were evidently on the trains. Major Hamilton escaped with a few scratches. “Upon the first rumor of the accident, it was supposed that his usual luck would have put him in for at least a share of broken limbs.” From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), May 25, 1854, page 2, column 2.

Note: The Quitman Guards and the Montgomery Guards were in the Sixteenth Division, Third Brigade—Cambria County, of the Pennsylvania Militia, according to a state report in 1855 found on Google Books. (Reports of the Heads of Departments of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, State Printer, 1856.)

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), May 25, 1854, page 2, column 2


June 29, 1854: James D Hamilton listed as a delegate from Summerhill Township to Democratic County Convention. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), June 29, 1854, page 2, column 2.

August 17, 1854: A supper for the Quitman Guards was held at the house of Major James Hamilton. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 17, 1854, page 3, column 1.

September 30, 1854: The Democracy of Summerhill assemble at the house of James D Hamilton, Esq., in Jefferson. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 5, 1854, page 2, column 6.

October 19, 1854: J Hamilton announces the sale of horses, wagons, hogs, chickens, carpenter tools, beds, tables, wine, whiskey, etc., at Jefferson. Also selling his interest in the People’s Hack Line from Jefferson to Ebensburg. Sale to take place November 1, 1854. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 19, 1854, page 3, column 1.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 19, 1854, page 3, column 1


November 9, 1854: Announcement of merger of Thompson and Hamilton Hack lines. They will run a double daily line from Ebensburg to Wilmore Station. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), November 23, 1854, page 3, column 2.

March 08, 1855: A meeting of citizens was held in the Ebensburg Court House for the purpose of expressing their views in regard to a proposed new county of Conemaugh. Elected officers of the meeting included James D Hamilton. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), March 08, 1855, page 3, column 2.

June 13, 1855: Commonwealth vs Jas D Hamilton. Indictment for selling liquor to persons of known intemperate habits. Grand Jury return this “not a true bill,” and that W.W. Palmer the prosecutor, pay the costs. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), June 13, 1855, page 2, column 3.

October 17, 1855: James D Hamilton’s entry of 6 heads of cabbage wins a premium award given by the Cambria County Agricultural Society at a Fair held in Ebensburg on the 3rd, 4th and 5th of October, 1855. From the Democrat and sentinel, (Ebensburg, Pa.), October 17, 1855, Image 2, column 5.

December 19, 1855: It will be seen by an advertisement in today’s paper that James D Hamilton will give a grand Cotillion party at the Cambria House in Jefferson, on Christmas evening. The Maj. will do his best to make the evening a pleasant one to all who wish to take a “trip on the light fantastic toe.” From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), December 19, 1855,page 2, column 2.

March 25, 1856: A convention of innkeepers in Cambria County was held at the house of Major James D Hamilton in Jefferson to discuss the need to raise rates for lodging and entertaining the public, since the “Act to restrain the sale of Intoxicating Liquors” had taken effect. On the motion of Major James D Hamilton it was Resolved to raise their rates. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), April 02, 1856, page 2, column 4 and 5.

But then

May 21, 1856: Pursuant to “An Act to Regulate the Sale of Intoxicating Liquors” approved March 1856, the following have filed petitions for a license under said act:

James D Hamilton, tavern, Jefferson From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), May 21, 1856, page 3.

and

June 04, 1856: Tavern Licenses granted Monday last by the court
James D Hamilton, Jefferson

as of May 28, 1856: James Hamilton’s ad is now for the Cambria House, not the Jefferson House. The ad runs the same date of April 20, 1854, and the same text.

From the May 28, 1856 Democrat and Sentinel.

August 13, 1856: Mr James D Hamilton will give a Cotillion Party at the Cambria House on Tuesday August 19, 1856. A John McCoy will do the same at the Jefferson House the following week. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 13, 1856, page 2, column 2..

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.),August 20, 1856, Image 2, column 2


August 20, 1856: The Know-Nothing slate of candidates for office in Cambria County, including James D Hamilton, Senatorial Conferee. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.),August 20, 1856, Image 2, column 2.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.),August 20, 1856, Image 2, column 2


December 17, 1856: James D Hamilton sells his interest in the Ebensburg to Wilmore hack line to Mr John A Blair & Co. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), December 17, 1856, page 2, column 1.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.),August 20, 1856, Image 2, column 2


August 12, 1857: Sheriff’s sale of lot belonging to James D Hamilton on the corner of Main and Church Streets, Jefferson, Summerhill Township. On September 7, 1857, at 1PM at the Court of Common Pleas, Ebensburg. To be sold at the suit of William Graham. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 12, 1857, page 2, column 6.

Note: This lot was still to be sold in court on September 6, 1858, according to the August 18, 1858, issue of the paper.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 12, 1857, page 2, column 6


August 19, 1857: The sale at the same court of a parcel of land belonging to James D Hamilton in Summerhill Township, adjoining lands of William A Skelly, Margaret Brady, David M Davis and others, containing twelve acres more or less, unimproved. To be sold at the suit of E. Simpson, trading under the firm of E. Simpson & Co. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 19, 1857, page 3, column 5.

Note: This 12 acre plot was still to be sold in court December 7, 1857, according to the November 11, 1857, issue of the paper.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 12, 1857, page 2, column 6


February 10, 1858: James D Hamilton applies for a tavern license.

There weren’t any ads for the Cambria House in 1857 or 1858 but this notice appeared in July 1858:

July 07, 1858: “Last Monday was celebrated at several places in this county, as the Anniversary of American Independence—Jefferson at the Hotel of Major James D Hamilton.”

From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), July 07, 1858, page 4, column 1

April 06, 1859:
Ebensburg and Cresson Rail Road Company
‘the Commissioners of the railroad will receive subscriptions to the stock at the following times and places:’
At the house of J D Hamilton in Jefferson, on Thursday the 5th day of May, next.
From the April 06, 1859, Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), page 3

May 04, 1859: List of Retailers
Ten Pinn Allies James D Hamilton, Jefferson $30.00 [fee?]

From the May 04, 1859, Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), page 3

May 18, 1859:
License Notice
James D Hamilton, Tavern Licence, Jefferson
From the May 18, 1859, Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), page 2

February 08, 1860: James D Hamilton owned a lot on Main Street, Jefferson, between the property of Edward Lytle and the heirs of Hugh Dugan. (Mr Lytle’s property was being sold at court.)

From the February 08, 1860, Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), page 3

August 07, 1861: The delegates to the Republican alias People’s County Convention met in the Ebensburg Court House Monday August 5.
James D Hamilton Esq., of Wilmore,was nominated by acclamation for the office of Sheriff.

From the August 07, 1861, Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), page 2

August 28, 1861: A ‘warning’ from the editors of the paper to Mr Hamilton, regarding the campaign for sheriff. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 28, 1861, page 2, column 3.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), August 28, 1861, page 2, column 3


October 09, 1861: A Democratic party sweep in Cambria County. Many by a large majority. For example, in Alleghany Township James Hamilton lost 166 to 21, to Mr. Buck, the Democratic candidate.
From the October 09, 1861, Democrat and sentinel, page 2, column 2.

January 25, 1865: James D Hamilton will no longer be keeping the United States Hotel in Wilmore. From the Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), January 25, 1865, Page 3, column 2.

Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), January 25, 1865, Page 3, column 2


Democrat and sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.), January 25, 1865, Page 3, column 2