Joseph Drummond

Birth Name Joseph Drummond
Gender male
Age at Death about 61 years, 10 months, 8 days


Joseph Drummond and Judith Shea first appear on the parish records in Montreal with the death of their son William in 1845 at the age of three and one half. Since William's birth is not recorded in Montreal but their daughter Sarah's birth in 1844 is recorded, it's possible that the Drummonds arrived in Montreal between 1842 and 1844.

There are no Catholic Drummonds on the records in Montreal before Joseph's family's records, but there are a few Shea families. One was from County Cork, another from Kilkenny and a third from Co. Kerry. Of those three areas, the only one with Drummond families listed on Griffith's Valuation was County Cork. That would make Cork the most likely place of origin in Ireland for Joseph and Judith (Shea) Drummond, if they were married in Ireland. It may be that they had relatives already in Montreal when they arrived.

Joseph appears to have been, at one time, middle class or lower middle class, -- at least not a peasant farmer. His signature is impressive, and someone more experienced in analyzing signatures might be able to draw more information from it regarding how much education Joseph received. By comparison, most of the witnesses at his second marriage or at the baptisms of his children could not even write their own names.

Joseph is referred to on one record as a "gentleman" and on another by a word in French which looks like it can be translated "man of commerce" or "business-minded." There was no one else referred to as gentleman in any of the records examined. But on most of the records he is a common "day laborer." Interestingly, on the 1870 Census in Cleveland, his occupation was "grocer" not "laborer" or "mill worker."

If our assumptions are correct, the Drummonds arrived in Montreal just a few years before the great famine in Ireland. Fortunately they escaped the direct effects of the calamity. However they seem to have experienced the indirect effects. The Irish immigrants which arrived in Montreal during the famine brought a plague of typhus. The Drummonds lost three of their four known children between 1845 and 1853. Judith herself died in January 1853 also, and Joseph's future wife Bridget lost her first husband in 1850. The causes of death are not on the parish records but no doubt some of these deaths can be attributed to the general state of affairs among the recent immigrants.

Judith is called by that name on all the records except for her burial record which calls her Julia. The book Varieties and Synonymes of Surnames and Christian Names in Ireland by Robert E Matheson (Dublin: Alex Thom & Co, 1901) says "the people of the county of Kilkenny and some other places consider the names Johanna, Judith, and Julia to be the same." Or it was an error, or maybe that is what Joseph called her. Joseph's re-marriage makes it fairly certain that the burial record is really hers, and not a "Julia" Drummond who is nowhere else to be found.

At Judith's death, Joseph was left with at least two young daughters, and married Bridget Mcmullen in August 1853. (See Bridget's father's notes for information on the McMullens.)



Joseph and Bridget's first two children were baptized in Montreal: Joseph in 1854 and Alexander in 1855. There next known child, Dennis, was born in Canada about 1860 but is not on the Montreal church records. A posting at rootsweb by Frank Johnson, a descendant of Joseph, says they had one child born in Toronto and another in "Peeth" [could that be Perth, Ontario?] (source:

At any rate the Drummonds arrived in Ohio around 1860 or 1861, when their daughter Lettie was born (evidently missing both the 1860 Census of the U.S. and the 1861 Census of Canada.)

The city directories on line do not go back as far as the 1860's or it might have been possible to find out more exactly when Joseph came to Cleveland and what he did for a living at the start.

His 1870 Census and a brief record of his death follow. Note: Newburgh was a separate town from Cleveland at this time.

Series: M593 Roll: 1193 Page: 450

Drummond, Jos/Jas?, 60, Ireland, grocer, retired
Bridget, 40, Ireland
Alexander, 14, Canada, works in ... mill
Dennis, 10, Canada
Lettie?, 9, Ohio
Amelia, 7, Ohio
Mary, 4, Ohio

Death information from Cleveland Necrology file:
Id#: 0083547
Name: Drummond, Joseph
Date: 1871
Source: Cemetery record; Cleveland Necrology File, Reel #021.
Notes: age 65. St. John's Cemetery Cleveland, Ohio.


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth about 1810 Ireland   1
Residence 1870 Newburgh, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States Church St, Newburgh 2
Event Note

1870 Cleveland City Directory
Drummond, Joseph, Church Street, Newburgh

Death November 9, 1871     3 4a
Event Note

Record of Deaths, Cuyahoga, Death records, 1865-1873, vol Catholic cemeteries

Nov 9, 1871
Joseph Drummond, 65, white, male, born in Ireland, resided in Cleveland, cause of death: paralysis
buried: Sts. John and Joseph

"Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 02 Nov 2014), Joseph Drummond, 09 Nov 1871; citing Death, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States, source ID p 390 no 577, County courthouses, Ohio; FHL microfilm 1977372.

Burial   St. John’s Cemetery, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States   3


Family of Joseph Drummond and Judith Shea

Married Wife Judith Shea ( b. about 1813 d. January 5, 1853 )
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage before 1842     5
Name Birth Date Death Date
William Drummondabout February 1842February 20, 1845
Sarah DrummondNovember 30, 1844
Mary DrummondNovember 25, 1846October 8, 1847
Judith DrummondJune 9, 1850about November 7, 1853

Family of Joseph Drummond and Bridget McMullen

Married Wife Bridget McMullen ( b. about 1830 d. September 30, 1889 )
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage August 29, 1853 Notre-Dame Basilica, Montreal, Québec, Canada   5
Event Note

Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967, at
Name: Joseph Drummond
Spouse: Bridget McMullen
Event: Mariage (Marriage)
Marriage Year: 1853
Marriage Location: Montréal, Québec (Quebec)
Place of Worship or Institution: Basilique Notre-Dame

Joseph Drummond and Bridget McMullen

the 29th April 1853 ['after the publication of vows, etc. ...] Joseph Drummond, of age, the widower of Judith Shea, of this parish, and Bridget McMullen, of age, widow of John Cassidy, [...] in the presence of Jean Baptiste Saucer, John M[....] Shea, who signed below with the husband, and of Denis McMullen who has declared tht he does not know how to write.

This is a transcription and translation of the marriage record of Joseph Drummond and Bridget McMullen.
Source: Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967, images at

Basilique Notre-Dame
Montréal, Québec

Me. 107

Le vingt neuf aout mil huit cent cinquante trois apres le presentation d'un ban de mariage
The twenty-ninth [of] August one thousand eight hundred and fifty three after the presentation of a marriage ban

sans empechment ni opposition la desponde
without impediment? or opposition

[8 words unreadable] Mssr Pierre Bollandele Grande Vicare de Clineque? de Montreal, je pretre soussigné .....
[with the authority of/ or vested in me by?] Mr. Pierre Bolandele, Grand Vicar of the ... of Montreal, I the undersigned priest

..... pris le mutuel consentement per parole de present
..... taking the mutual consent by the word of those present

de Joseph Drummond, journalier, veuf majeur de Judith Shay de cette paroisse ... d'... part
of Joseph Drummond, day laborer, widower, of age, of Judith Shea of this parish, on [his?] part

et de Bridget McMullen veuve majeure de John Cassidy cordonnier d'Albany d'autre part;
and of Bridget McMullen, widow, of age, of John Cassidy, shoemaker of Albany, on the other part

les ai maries suivant les loi et [continual observement?] en la Saint Eglise
have married them according to the law and .... in the Holy Church

en presence de Jean Baptiste Sancer, de John Mannill[?] Shay, soussigne [....] l'espoux,
in the presence of Jean Baptiste Sancer, of John Mannill[?] Shey, undersigned [for?] the spouse

et Denis McMullen, le [ganel?], ainse que l'espouse a declare' no savoir signer
and of Denis McMullen, the ..., for the bride, who has declared he does not know how to sign [his name.]

signed Joseph Drummond, J.B. Sancer, John M. Shea, C.C.? Cormalle/Connelly? [the priest]

[Note: the priest's name was clearly readable as J.J. Connolly on Bridget's first marriage.]

[Note-- J.B. Sancer was a witness to many of the marriages in these records, so he must have
been some kind of official, not a friend of the bride and groom.]

[Note: from and
from "journalier= Worker paid by the day, often in agriculture."]

Name Birth Date Death Date
Joseph DrummondJune 5, 1854April 22, 1855
Alexander DrummondOctober 16, 18551874
Dennis DrummondMarch 1860May 30, 1927
Lettie Drummondabout 1861
Amelia DrummondNovember 1, 1862August 28, 1943
Mary Drummondabout 1866May 18, 1960